I am not enthused about the Ganz trochanteric flip approach for several reasons. It was developed to be less injurious to the femoral blood supply. Koen DeSmet showed that with the modified posterior capsulotomy approach that he, Bose and I use that the blood supply compromise during is not much different than with a trochanteric osteotomy. Also, the incidence of AVN even with the much more extensive posterior capsular release that McMinn initially used is extremely low. We are now over 600 cases and have not seen a case of AVN.
Problems with any trochanteric osteotomy including the trochanteric flip all relate to injury to the gluteus medius attachment which results in an abductor lurch weak and awkward gait afterward. In this young and very active patient population, one is hard pressed to protect them for 6-8 weeks on crutches so the trochanteric bone can heal. If the patient is even relatively non-compliant, one is left with a lifelong limp that is impossible to fix. That is why the posterior approach became almost universal in America and the Charnley trochanteric osteotomy was abandoned. Paul Beaule recently reported on his series with trochanteric osteotomy and had a significant number of complications relative to the abductor mechanism.
In summary, this “flip” technique is a solution to a problem (AVN) that barely exists with the modified posterior capsulotomy approach and is associated with a significant number of “limps” and restrictions for a very active group of patients.
Dr. John Rogerson